You are here:

Product Safety


Consumers come into contact with products such as cosmetics, food packaging and toys on a daily basis. The task of BfR is to assess these products and contribute to product safety through recommendations.

Product safety is hence an important task of consumer protection. It involves questions such as: Can a toy be toxic? Does a skin cream cause allergies? How does the skin react to detergent residues?

In the field of “product safety” BfR assesses the health risks of a large number of different products from the following product categories:

Whether the different products involve a health risk depends not only on the ingredients but primarily on how the consumer comes into contact with them. Consequently, it is decisive whether the products are firmly integrated into the products or whether they are released. BfR examines not only the substances used, but also their release.

The results of BFR’s risk assessment are integrated into recommendations for manufacturers.

Where do the data for the risk assessment of products come from?

For its risk assessment BfR uses data from different sources, including:

  • Generally accessible data
  • Data from own experimental research
  • Data from BfR contract research at universities and other scientific institutions
  • Data from external experts

International co-operation

BfR co-operates with international institutes and proposes measures for risk assessment and prevention to them. It contributes its knowledge, amongst others, to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) or the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety and closely co-operates with these institutions.

Legal bases:

  • Food, consumer articles and feed code
  • Consumer Goods Ordinance
  • Cosmetics ordinance
  • German equipment and product safety act
  • Act concerning the environmental compatibility of detergents and cleaning agents



Date Title Size
Communication No 048/2019 of the BfR
3D printing: Research projects on health risks launched 128.9 KB



Date Title Size
Joint communication No 004/2022 from the BAuA, the BfR and the UBA
Advanced materials should be safe and sustainable 180.1 KB
Communication No 001/2021 from the BfR
Identifying risks posed by new materials early on: kick-off meeting of an interagency working group "Advanced Materials" 171.9 KB
Communication No 050/2020 from the BfR
3D printing - a "dusty" business? 132.3 KB


Cookie Notice

This site only uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Find out more on how we use cookies in our Data Protection Declaration.