You are here:

Grouping, Read-Across, CharacterIsation and classificatiOn framework and strategies for regUlatory risk assessment of manufactured nanomaterials and Safer design of nano-enabled products (GRACIOUS)


This third-party funded project is conducted in the framework of the BfR research program on nanotechnology.

EU grant agreement number: 760840

Project homepage:

Project description:

Manufacturing and functionalising materials at the nanoscale leads to a whole array of nanomaterials (NMs) varying in e.g. size, morphology and surface characteristics. Apart from expected benefits, distinctive properties of NMs may also affect (environmental) health risks. Safety assessment requires sufficient information for each NM, but testing every unique NM for their potential adverse effects is virtually impossible. More efficient ways to obtain safety information are needed, which could be achieved by applying grouping and read-across approaches to NMs. On a conceptual level, regulatory accepted approaches for grouping and read-across for NMs already exist, but actual application remains difficult as the required knowledge is not systematically brought together, lacks data curation or is still missing. GRACIOUS will address this urgent need by developing a framework for grouping and read-across based on physicochemical, release, exposure, environmental fate, toxicokinetic and toxicological information. This framework will be delivered as a practical e-tool, fit-for-purpose for various key (regulatory and industrial) stakeholders, who will be engaged from the start of the project. To develop the framework, GRACIOUS will build upon currently available approaches by collating, curating and assimilating existing and new knowledge on intrinsic and extrinsic physicochemical properties in relation to their (environmental) health risk. The resulting framework will support safe innovation by enabling considerations of safety a.o. via grouping and read-across in industrial decision making at various stages of product development. For regulators and policy makers, GRACIOUS will facilitate actual application of grouping and read-across of NMs to enable risk analysis of NMs without extensive testing.

BfR parts of the project:

The BfR is involved in several work packages (WPs) and is leading WP5 on “What they do- human and environmental toxicity”. WP5 aims to develop an Intelligent Testing Strategy based on testing (e.g. in vitro, in vivo) and non-testing (e.g. in silico) methods and apply it to generate results useful for building hypotheses of key nano-bio interactions, modes of action (and potentially adverse outcome pathways). These results will be used as a basis to establish criteria and guiding principles for grouping and rules for read across for the “What they do: human and environmental toxicity” strategy. The grouping and testing strategy will be verified during the project in case studies.


External Links

GRACIOUS project




nach oben

Cookie Notice

This site only uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Find out more on how we use cookies in our Data Protection Declaration.