You are here:

Transport of dangerous goods

Containerschiff im Sturm

Dangerous chemicals, biological agents and materials are transported as hazardous substances by road, rail and water for the purposes of further processing or utilisation. This may lead to potential risks to health. Safe packaging, logistics concepts, traffic guidance, quality control and accident prevention strategies are all designed to reduce the threat to public safety.

The German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) is one of the public authorities mentioned in the Act concerning the transport of dangerous goods as a safety agency. The Institute advises the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs when it comes to assessing the health risk from substances, hazard prevention and emergency measures. This also encompasses health risks on ships carrying dangerous goods as cargo. Responsibility for these tasks arises from the BfR remit pursuant to the Dangerous Goods Ordinance - Sea.

The transport of dangerous goods is mainly handled on the basis of international provisions. BfR helps to ensure that toxic and corrosive chemical products, biological agents and materials are correctly assessed and classified in these provisions. To this end, the BfR experts input their knowledge into international organisations and agencies.

In the field of sea shipping special work areas have emerged that also encompass protecting seas from pollution caused by the transport of dangerous goods by sea. This includes protecting beaches used for leisure activities and the purity of seafood as a foodstuff. BfR scientists participate in technical committees of the United Nations and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. BfR advises the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture whenever risks to health arise in conjunction with fishing catches.



Das Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung

Model regulations for the transport of dangerous goods on land

Packaged dangerous goods are carried across borders worldwide. For this reason, safety standards must apply globally and must combine many different legal areas. Globally uniform standards not only...

Regulations on dangerous goods transported by sea

As well as being one of the world’s leading export nations with a great interest in safe maritime transport, Germany is also a major shipping nation. With a share of over 35 % of the world fleet...


Date Title Size
Updated BfR Information Nr. 010/2014
Recommendations for coastal closure as a result of pollution due to liquid cargo residues 72.7 KB


Other documents

Date Title Size
Environmental Panel of Experts "Consequences of pollution incidents" (UEG) opinion
Pollution of the North and Baltic Seas with Paraffin 135.8 KB
Environmental Panel of Experts "Cosequences of pollution incidents"
Project group "Deepwater Horizon"
Deepwater Horizon - Lessons learnt for national preparedness and response strategies based on findings from the disaster and remedial action taken 4.3 MB


Cookie Notice

This site only uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Find out more on how we use cookies in our Data Protection Declaration.